Taiwanese People (Distinct Faces of Taiwan) Part 2

www.nomadicsamuel.com Taiwanese people (traditional Chinese: 臺灣人also 台灣人; simplified Chinese: 台湾人; pinyin: Táiwān rén; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-lâng) may refer to individuals who either claim or are imputed cultural identity focused on the island of Taiwan and/or Taiwan Area which have been governed by the Republic of China since 1945. At least three competing (occasionally overlapping) paradigms are used to identify someone as a Taiwanese person: a nationalist criteria, self-identification (including the concept of “New Taiwanese”) criteria, and socio-cultural criteria. These standards are fluid, in keeping with an evolving social and political milieu. The complexity resulting from competing and evolving standards is compounded by a larger dispute regarding Taiwan’s identity crisis, the political status of Taiwan, and its potential de jure Taiwan independence or political integration with the People’s Republic of China. According to official governmental statistics, 98% of Taiwan’s population is made up of Han Chinese, while 2% are Taiwanese aborigines[2]. The composite category of “Taiwanese people” is often reputed by many Taiwanese to include a significant population of at least four constituent ethnic groups: the Hoklo (70%), the Hakka (15%), Mainlander (13%), and Taiwanese aborigines (2%) (Copper 2003:12–13);(Hsiao 2004:105). Although the concept of the “four great ethnic groups” was a deliberate attempt by the Hoklo dominated Democratic Progressive Party (DPP

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